PSHE Curriculum: A Comprehensive Guide to Early Years Resources

In the dynamic landscape of education, Personal, Social, Health, and Economic (PSHE) education plays a crucial role in nurturing well-rounded, resilient individuals. This guide delves into the PSHE curriculum, emphasizing the importance of early years resources in laying a strong foundation for lifelong learning.

Understanding PSHE

PSHE education encompasses a broad spectrum of topics designed to support the personal and social development of children and young people. It covers health and wellbeing, relationships, and economic understanding, equipping students with the knowledge and skills they need to navigate the complexities of life.

The Importance of PSHE in Early Years

The early years are a critical period for emotional and social development. Integrating PSHE into the curriculum at this stage ensures that children develop essential skills such as empathy, self-awareness, and resilience. These foundational skills are vital for their future personal and academic success.

Key Components of the PSHE Curriculum

  1. Health and Wellbeing

    • Understanding personal hygiene

    • Learning about healthy eating and exercise

    • Recognizing and managing emotions

  2. Relationships

    • Building positive relationships with peers and adults

    • Understanding family dynamics and friendships

    • Addressing bullying and conflict resolution

  3. Economic Understanding

    • Introduction to basic financial concepts

    • Understanding the value of money and savings

    • Developing a sense of responsibility and charity

Integrating Early Years Resources into PSHE

Effective PSHE education relies on quality resources tailored to the developmental stages of early learners. These resources should be engaging, interactive, and designed to foster a love for learning. Here are some essential early years resources:

  1. Storybooks and Literature

    • Using age-appropriate books to introduce complex concepts in an accessible way

    • Promoting discussions around themes like kindness, sharing, and diversity

  2. Interactive Activities

    • Games and role-playing to teach problem-solving and social skills

    • Hands-on activities that encourage teamwork and cooperation

  3. Visual Aids and Multimedia

    • Incorporating videos and animations to illustrate health and safety topics

    • Using charts and posters to reinforce key messages about wellbeing and relationships

Developing a PSHE Curriculum for Early Years

Creating an effective PSHE curriculum requires a thoughtful approach that considers the unique needs of young learners. Here are some steps to develop a robust curriculum:

  1. Assessment of Needs

    • Conducting surveys and observations to understand the specific needs of your students

    • Consulting with parents and guardians to gather insights into their children’s social and emotional development

  2. Curriculum Design

    • Aligning PSHE objectives with national educational standards

    • Ensuring a balance between different components of PSHE: health, relationships, and economic understanding

  3. Resource Selection

    • Choosing high-quality, age-appropriate resources that align with curriculum goals

    • Regularly updating materials to keep content fresh and relevant

  4. Implementation and Training

    • Providing professional development for teachers to effectively deliver PSHE lessons

    • Creating a supportive classroom environment that encourages open dialogue and respect

Evaluating the Impact of PSHE Education

To ensure the effectiveness of the PSHE curriculum, it is crucial to evaluate its impact regularly. This can be done through:

  1. Student Feedback

    • Gathering feedback from students to understand their perceptions and experiences

    • Using surveys and discussions to identify areas for improvement

  2. Parental Involvement

    • Engaging parents in the evaluation process to gain a holistic view of the curriculum’s impact

    • Encouraging parents to reinforce PSHE lessons at home

  3. Teacher Observations

    • Conducting regular observations to assess the implementation of PSHE lessons

    • Providing opportunities for teachers to share best practices and challenges

  4. Outcome Measurement

    • Tracking changes in student behavior and attitudes towards health, relationships, and economic understanding

    • Analyzing data to identify trends and inform future curriculum development


PSHE education is an indispensable part of early years learning, providing children with the tools they need to thrive both personally and socially. By integrating high-quality early years resources into the PSHE curriculum, educators can create a nurturing environment that fosters growth and development. As we continue to evolve our educational practices, the focus on PSHE will remain a cornerstone of building resilient, well-rounded individuals ready to face the challenges of the future.